What is price elasticity of demand? 2. What are examples of goods with very high elasticity of demand (i.e., highly…

  What is price elasticity of demand?

2.      What are examples of goods with very high elasticity of demand (i.e., highly elastic)?

3.      What are examples of goods with very low elasticity of demand (i.e., highly inelastic)?

4.      What is a monopoly?  What are possible reasons for the creation of monopolies?

5.      What is a natural monopoly?

6.      What is price discrimination?  In what kind of market is more commonly practiced?

7.      What is an oligopoly?  What are its most important characteristics?

8.      What is a cartel?  What would make it successful?

9.      What is a monopolistic competition?  In what kind of market is most commonly found?

10.  What is perfect competition or “competitive” market?  What are its most important characteristics?  What are real-life markets that are the closest illustrations to perfect competition?

11.  In which market is advertising a very important strategy?

12.  What is a public good?

13.  What at the two characteristics of a public good?

14.  What is market power?

15.  What are externalities?

16.  What are positive externalities?

17.  What are negative externalities?

18.  What important ideas are illustrated in the story “the tragedy of the commons”?

19.  What are profits equal to?

20.  What is marginal revenue?

21.  What is marginal cost?

22.  What is a sunk cost?

23.  What is the relationship between revenues, costs, and the optimal point of production?

24.  What are the definitions of marginal revenue?

25.  What is the definition of marginal cost?

26.  What is the definition of profits?

27.  What is the relationship between MR, MC and profit maximization?

28.  If MR>MC, is a firm maximizing profits?  Is the firm producing less or more than optimal?

29.  If MR<MC, is a firm maximizing profits?  Is the firm producing less or more than optimal?

30.  What are transaction costs?

31.  What happens when government institutes price ceilings below the equilibrium price (e.g., rent control and other ‘low’ maximum prices)?  How is this policy related to anti price gouging laws?

32.  What happens when government institutes price floors above the equilibrium price (e.g., minimum wages and other ‘high’ minimum prices)?

33.  What is the “prisoners’ dilemma”?  How is it related to agreements among few firms?

34.  What is the primary goal of a firm?

35.  What is the theory of comparative advantage?  How is it related to specialization and trade?

 

36.  What is price gouging?  What is most likely the reason for it?

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